Vocab List (Week of November 13th)

force– a push or pull by one object to move another
attract - when two objects are pulled together
repel – when two objects are pushed apart
magnetic field – a region of magnetic force around a magnet
electricity - the energy caused by the flow electrical charges
circuit - a complete path that electricity can move through
current electricity - a moving electrical charge
conductor - a material through which heat or electricity flows easily
insulator – a material through which heat or electricity does not flow very well
resistor – property of a material through which electricity has difficulty flowing

Vocab List (Week of November 5th)

open circuit – a broken or incomplete path that electricity cannot flow through
closed circuit - a clear and complete path that electricity can flow through
switch – a device that can open or close a an electrical circuit
electrical charge - the positive or negative property of particles
discharge - when a buildup of electrical charge empties into something
electromagnet- a temporary magnet created when current flows through wire wrapped in coils
static electricity – a buildup of an electrical charge
grounded – when an electrical charge that flows into the ground, or surface of the earth
lightning –a discharge of static electricity from a thundercloud

Vocab List (Week of October 15th)

Renewable resource - something that can be made again by nature or people
Opportunity cost - what people decide to give up in order to get something else
Raw material – a resource in its natural state, such as a mineral, that can be used to manufacture a product.
Capital resource - the tools, machines, buildings and money needed to run a business.
Conservation - the protection and careful use of natural resources
Interest - the money a bank or borrower pays for the use of the money
Taxes - Money that government collects from people to pay for services
Division of labor – dividing work into different jobs or tasks.
Specialization - to work at one type of job, and to learn to do it well
Import – a good or product that is brought into a country, from another country, to be sold
Export – a product shipped from one country to be sold in another country
Trade-off - what you have to give up buying or doing in order to buy or do something else
Economy - the way people use resources to meet their needs
Entrepreneur - a person who sets up a new business
Invest - to buy something that will grow in value

Vocab List (Week of October 8th)

energy–ability to do work
electrical energyenergy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor.
magnetic energy–energy generated due to magnetic field.
magnetic field–a region of magnetic force around a magnet.
circuit-a complete path through which electricity can flow.
thermal energy-energy in the form of heat.
energy transfer-the transfer of energy from one system, or organism, to another system, or organism
reflection-the bouncing of light rays off a surface.
refraction-the bending of light as it passes from one transparent material into another.
opaque materials-materials that block light rather than let it pass through.
translucent materials-materials that reflect some light and let the rest pass through.
transparent materials-materials that let light pass through.
wavelength-the distance from the top of one wave to the top of the next.
spectrum-a range of light waves with different wavelengths.

Vocab List (Week of September 24th)

Autobiography – a true story about the author’s life.
Biography – a non-fiction story about a person’s life written by another person.
Expository Text–tells people something. It contains facts about real people, things, and events.
Fable –a story using animals with human qualities to illustrate a moral or lesson.
Fiction – selections that are about made-up things or events.
First Person – the author lets one of the characters speak directly to the reader. Uses the word “I”.
Folktale – a traditional story handed down from generation to generation by word of mouth.
Historical Fiction – a made-up story based on real events from the past.
Legend – stories about heroes who do great deeds, usually based upon real
Mystery – characters solve a problem/crime.
Myth – Tells how something in nature came to be the way it is, or explains why people act certain ways.
Narrative – a story.
Narrator – the person who tells a story.
Non-Fiction – selections that are true.
Tall Tale – uses humor and exaggeration to tell about unusual characters or unlikely events that are handled in remarkable ways.
Third Person – The narrator is not a part of the story.

Vocab List (Week of September 17th)

Advertising - A way of persuading people to want goods or services.
Check register - A booklet for recording the money that is put in (deposited) or removed (withdrawn) from the checking account.
Checks - Written orders to a bank to pay a certain amount of money from a checking account to another person or business.
Business - A company that sells goods and/or services.
Checking account - An account that allows the owner to write checks against deposited money.
Deposit tickets - Written records of money put into a checking account.
Economy - A system of production, consumption, and distribution of goods, services, and resources.
Employer - A person or business that hires one or more people, usually for a salary.
Financial institution - A business that provides money-related services.
Interest - A fee received for the use of money.
Philanthropy - The effort to increase the well-being of people through charitable giving.
Profit - The money that is left over after a business pays all its costs.
Taxes - Required payments to government.
Scarcity - A situation in which people can’t have everything they want because of limited resources.
Savings account - An account used to hold money that is not needed right away.

Vocab List (Week of September 10th)

responsibility— a sense of duty to willingly do things that are assigned.
giving— looking for opportunities to meet the needs of others, without expectation of reward
perseverance—sticking with something, even if it may be difficult
self-discipline—doing the right thing because you know it is right, not because someone else is telling you what to do
respect—honoring someone through your actions
compassion—reaching out to another person who may be hurt, sad, or confused.
honesty—telling the truth
factors – The numbers multiplied together to find a product. example: 4 x 6 = 24
product – The answer to a multiplication problem. example: 4 x 6 = 24 .
array – a way of displaying objects in rows and columns.
prime number – A number that only one has two factors, 1 and itself.